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Dr. G.J.M. (Gert Jan) van Wijngaarden

Material interconnections in the pre- and protohistoric Mediterranean, landscape archaeology in the Ionian Islands (Greece), Archaeological heritage in the contemporary world, history of Archaeology.
Faculty of Humanities
Capaciteitsgroep Archeologie
Photographer: Onbekend

Visiting address
  • Turfdraagsterpad 9
  • Room number: 205
Postal address
  • Postbus 94203
    1090 GE Amsterdam
  • Profile

    In February 2007, I took up my current post as Associate Professor at the Amsterdam Archaeological Centre. Before, I was director of the Netherlands Institute in Athens. I acquired my PhD degree in 1999 with a dissertation on Mycenaean pottery in the Levant, Cyprus and Italy.


    My teaching assignment is Greek archaeology, with an emphasis on the pre- and protohostoric periods. In addition, I teach courses concerning archaeological theory, the history of the discipline and museum- and heritage archaeology.


    One of my research interests revolves around Mediterranean interconnections of pre- and protohistoric Greece. As such, the western periphery of Greece, has my particular attention, as is also clear from my fieldwork on the Ionian island of Zakynthos. The Zakynthos project is embedded in wider research on the interconnections between Greece, Italy and the Adriatic in prehistory. 

    In addition, I am interested in the social context of Archaeology and the history of archaeology. In particular, I am interested in the relations between archaeological methodology and scholarly and popular interpretations of the past. In this framework, I have begun new research concerning the Archaeology of Archaeology at Ancient Troy. 


    Since 2005, I have been directing archaeological fieldwork on the island of Zakynthos in the Ionian sea. The Zakynthos Archaeology project is a cooperation between the Ephorate of Antiquities at Zakynthos and the Netherlands Institute at Athens. Aim of the project is to relate the spatial and diachronic distribution of finds to the dynamics of the landscape of the island. To this aim a variety of researches are carried out, such archaeological survey and excavation, geological mapping, remote sensing, interviewing and others. For more information, see websites below.

    Amsterdam Troy Project: Archaeology of Archaeology

    Since 2016, I am participating at excavations at Ancient Troy in Turkey. The excavations are directed by Professor Rüstem Aslan from from Çanakkale Onzekiz Mart University in Turkey. Since 2017, the research of the Amsterdam Troy Project revolves around the theme of the Archaeology of Archaeology at Ancient Troy.

  • Publications



    • Van Wijngaarden, G. J., Krijnen, A., Pieters, N., & Wiersma, C. (2022). The Early and the Middle Bronze Age in the Ionian Sea. New Evidence from Zakynthos. In C. Souyoudzoglou-Haywood, & C. Papoulia (Eds.), The Archaeology of the Ionian Sea: Landscapes, seascapes and the circulation of people, goods and ideas from the Palaeolithic to the end of the Bronze Age (pp. 93-104). Oxbow Books. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2022). Political Geography of the Mycenaean Palatial Period: A Tough Nut to Crack? In G. J. van Wijngaarden, & J. Driessen (Eds.), Political Geographies of the Bronze Age Aegean: Proceedings of the Joint Workshop of the Belgian School at Athens (EBSA) and the Netherlands Institute at Athens (NIA), May 28 to 31, 2019 (pp. 15-27). (Babesch Supplements; No. 43). Peeters. [details]


    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2021). De druk van te hoge verwachtingen: De opgravingen in Olympia. Lampas, 54(2), 230-248. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2021). Value and exoticism: Cylinder Seals in the Late Bronze Age Aegean (1600-1100 BC). In H. Hochscheid, & B. Russel (Eds.), The Value of Making : Theory and Practice in Ancient Craft Production (pp. 139-161). (Studies in Classical Archaeology; Vol. 13). Brepols. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. M., Merkouri, C., & Mommsen, H. (2021). Za-Ku-Si-Jo. The Mycenaeans of Zakynthos. In E. Karantzali (Ed.), H περιφέρια του Μυκεναïκού κοσμού. Πρόσφατα ευρήματα και πορίσματα της έρευνας. Λαμία 18-21-2018 Μαιου, Πρακτικα (pp. 603-613). Greek Ministry of Culture and Sports.
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J., Pieters, N., von Stein, I., & Wiersma, C. (2021). Of Micro, Meso and Macro Regions. Regional Space in the Middle and early Late Bronze Age Ionian Islands. In B. Eder, & M. Zavadil (Eds.), (Social) Place and Space in Early Mycenaean Greece: Proceedings of the conference held at the Austrian Archaeological Institute at Athens 5-8 October 2016 (pp. 155-172). (Mykenische Studien; Vol. 35), (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften: Philosophisch-Historische Klasse ; Vol. 528). Austrian Academy of Sciences Press. [details]


    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2020). [Review of: G. Uslu (2017) Homer, Troy and the Turks : Heritage and Identity in the Late Ottoman Empire, 1870-1915]. Babesch : Bulletin antieke beschaving, 95, 291-292. [details]



    • Bettelli, M., Del Freo, M., & van Wijngaarden, G. J. (Eds.) (2018). Mediterranea Itinera: Studies in Honour of Lucia Vagnetti. (Incunabula Graeca; Vol. 106). Roma: CNR - Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneao Antico. [details]


    • Avramidis, P., Iliopoulos, G., Nikolaou, K., Kontopoulos, N., Koutsodendris, A., & van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2017). Holocene sedimentology and coastal geomorphology of Zakynthos Island, Ionian Sea: A history of a divided Mediterranean island. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 487, 340-354. Advance online publication. [details]
    • Avramidis, P., Kalaitzidis, S., Iliopoulos, G., Papadopoulou, P., Nikoloaou, K., Papazisimou, S., Christanis, K., & van Wijngaarden, G. J. M. (2017). The so called ‘Herodotus Springs’ at ‘Keri Lake’ in Zakynthos Island western Greece: A palaeoenvironmental and palaeoecological approach. Quaternary International, 439(Part A), 37-51. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2017). Shifts in Value? Exotica in the 13th-12th century BCE Mediterranean. In P. M. Fischer, & T. Bürge (Eds.), “Sea Peoples” up-to date: New research on transformations in the Eastern Mediterranean in the 13th-11th centuries BCE: Proceedings of the ESF-Workshop held at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, 3-4 November 2014 (pp. 401-412). Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J., & Pieters, N. (2017). Between the Aegean and the Adriatic: Zakynthos in the Bronze Age. In A. Vlachopoulos, Y. Lolos, R. Laffineur, & M. Fotiadis (Eds.), Έσπερος/Hesperos: The Aegean seen from the West: proceedings of the 16th International Aegean Conference, University of Ioannina, Department of History and Archaelogogy, Unit of Archaeology and Art History, 18-21 May 2016 (pp. 375-382). (Aegaeum: annales d'archéologie égéenne de l'Université de Liège et UT-PASP; Vol. 41). Peeters. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J., Merkouri, C., Ligkovanlis, S., Spegi, M., van Puijenbroek, F., Versloot, A., Waagen, J., & Avramidis, P. (2017). Zakynthos Archaeology Project: The 2015 survey at Skoulikado-Kalimachos. Pharos: journal of the Netherlands Institute in Athens, 23(2), 1-31. [details]




    • van Wijngaarden, G. J., Kourtessi-Philippakis, G., & Pieters, N. (2013). New archaeological sites and finds on Zakynthos. Pharos: journal of the Netherlands Institute in Athens, 19(1), 127-159. [details]


    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2012). Immaterial landscapes: Homeric geography and the Ionian Islands in Greece. Quaternary International, 251, 136-141. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2012). Trade goods reproducing merchants? The materiality of mediterranean Late Bronze Age exchange. In J. Maran, & P. W. Stockhammer (Eds.), Materiality and social practice: transformative capacities of intercultural encounters (pp. 61-72). Oxbow Books. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J., Sotiriou, A., Kourtessi-Philippakis, G., Bogaard, B., Bloemendaal, P., Pieters, N., & Stoker, A. (2012). The Zakynthos Archaeology Project: preliminary report on the 2010 season. Pharos: journal of the Netherlands Institute in Athens, 18(2), 35-56. [details]
    • von Stein, I., & van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2012). Just in time...: assessing Cape Kaloyeros on Zakynthos before it is gone. Pharos: journal of the Netherlands Institute in Athens, 18(2), 57-82. [details]


    • Gouma, M., van Wijngaarden, G. J., & Soetens, S. (2011). Assessing the effects of geomorphological processes on archaeological densities: a GIS case study on Zakynthos island, Greece. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38(10), 2714-2725. [details]
    • Heymans, E., & van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2011). Low-value manufactured exotics in the Eastern Mediterranean in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages. In A. Vianello (Ed.), Exotica in the prehistoric Mediterranean (pp. 124-136). Oxbow Books. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2011). Tokens of a special relationship? Mycenaeans and Egyptians. In K. Duistermaat, & I. Regulski (Eds.), Intercultural contacts in the ancient Mediterranean: proceedings of the International Conference at the Netherlands-Flemish Institute in Cairo, 25th to 29th October 2008 (pp. 225-251). (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta; Vol. 202). Peeters. [details]


    • Tendürüs, M., van Wijngaarden, G. J., & Kars, H. (2010). Long-term effect of seismic activities on archaeological remains: a test study from Zakynthos, Greece. In M. Sintubin, I. S. Stewart, T. M. Niemi, & E. Altunel (Eds.), Ancient earthquakes (pp. 145-156). (GSA special paper; No. 471). Geological Society of America. [details]


    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2023). Time and Place in Distance Value: The Case of Cylinder Seals in Bronze Age Greece. In M. Bentz, & M. Heinzelmann (Eds.), Sessions 6 – 8 - Single Contributions: Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Classical Archaeology, Cologne/Bonn 2018 (pp. 85-87). (Archaeology and Economy in the Ancient World; Vol. 55). Propylaeum. [details]



    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2016). Foreign affairs. Diplomacy, Trade, War and Migration in the Mycenaean Mediterranean (1400-1100 BC). In J. Driessen (Ed.), RA-PI-NE-U: Studies on the Mycenaean World offered to Robert Laffineur for his 70th Birthday (pp. 349-363). (Aegis. Actes de colloques; Vol. 10). UCL Presses Universitaires de Louvain. [details]




    • van Wijngaarden, G. J., Sotiriou, A., Stissi, V., Bonnier, A., & Erisman, L. (2010). The Zakynthos Archaeology Project: Preliminary Report on the 2009 season. Pharos: journal of the Netherlands Institute in Athens, 17(2), 65-82. [details]


    • Hoijtink, M., & van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2009). Museumarcheologie: nieuw perspectief voor oude verzamelingen. TMA: tijdschrift voor mediterrane archeologie, 21(41), 1-3. [details]


    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2008). Dots close together on a map: Mycenaean pottery in the Jordan valley. In M. L. Steiner, & E. J. van der Steen (Eds.), Sacred and sweet: studies on the material culture of Tell Deir 'Alla and Tell Abu Sarbut (pp. 53-67). (Ancient Near Eastern studies. Supplement; No. 24). Peeters. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2008). The relevance of authenticity: Mycenaean-type pottery in the Mediterranean. In P. F. Biehl, & Y. Y. Rassamakin (Eds.), Import and imitation in archaeology (pp. 125-145). (Schriften des Zentrums für Archäologie und Kulturgeschichte des Schwarzmeerraumes; No. 11). Beier & Beran. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J., Sotiriou, A., Pieters, N., Abed, K., & Tendürüs, M. (2008). The Zakynthos Archaeology Project: preliminary report of the 2007 season. Pharos: journal of the Netherlands Institute in Athens, 15, 43-57. [details]


    • Crielaard, J. P., Stissi, V., & van Wijngaarden, G. J. (1999). The complex past of pottery: production, circulation and consumption of Mycenaean and Greek pottery (sixteenth to early fifth centuries BC). Amsterdam: J.C. Gieben. [details]


    • van Wijngaarden, G-J. (2018). Van Pausanias tot Schliemann: Literaire en archeologische perspectieven van reizigers naar Mycene. Lampas, 51(3), 218-234. [details]
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2018). Trojaanse objecten in het Allard Pierson Museum. APm: Allard Pierson mededelingen, 118/119, 14-15. [details]



    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. (2014). [Review of: J.L. Davis, N. Vogeikoff-Brogan (2013) Philhellenism, philanthropy or political convenience? American archaeology in Greece]. Babesch, 89, 276-277. [details]


    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. M. (2016). Landscape Archaeology on Zakynthos. Where is the Polis?. Paper presented at Heidelberg University, Institute of Archaeology Seminars, Heidelberg, Germany.
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. M. (2016). Of Micro, Meso and Macro Regions. Regional Space in the Middle and early Late Bronze Age Ionian Islands. Paper presented at Conference Social Space and Place in early Mycenaean Greece, Athens, Greece.
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. M. (2016). Where is the polis? The geography of Archaic-Classical Zakynthos. Paper presented at Invited Lecture, Oxford University, Institute of Archaeology, Oxford, United Kingdom.
    • van Wijngaarden, G. J. M., & Pieters, N. (2016). Crossing borders. The Ionian Islands and the Adriatic in the second Millennium BC.


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  • Ancillary activities
    • Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles
    • Reizen door de Oudheid.
      Initiatiefnemer, Cursusleider