Hidden Lives, Public Personae. Women and Civic Life in the Roman West
Roman cities have rarely been studied from the perspective of women, and studies of Roman women mainly focus on the city of Rome. Studying the civic participation of women in the towns of Italy outside Rome and in the numerous cities of the Latin-speaking provinces of the Roman Empire, this book offers a new view on Roman women and urban society in the Roman Principate.
Drawing on epigraphy and archaeology, and to a lesser extent on legal and literary texts, women’s civic roles as priestesses, benefactresses, and patronesses or “mothers” of cities and associations ( collegia and the Augustales) are brought to the fore. In contrast to the city of Rome, which was dominated by the imperial family, wealthy women in the local Italian and provincial towns had ample opportunity to leave their mark on the city. Their motives to spend their money, time, and energy for the benefit of their cities and the rewards their contributions earned them take center stage. Assessing the meaning and significance of their contributions for themselves and their families and for the cities that enjoyed them, Hidden Lives, Public Personae presents a new and detailed view of the role of women and gender in Roman urban life.
Emily Hemelrijk is professor in Ancient History at the University of Amsterdam.